Es la forma en que organizamos las palabras para que tengan un sentido lógico.
Normalmente la estructura es: sujeto + verbo+ predicado.
El sujeto es de quien se habla o quien hace la acción.
El verbo es la acción o lo que hace el sujeto.
El predicado (complement) es lo que nos da información complementaria. En inglés el primer orden es:
What (qué), where (dónde), when (cuándo).
Students play soccer at school on Friday.
/what/ /where/ /when/
y en el complemento o predicado, ¿qué juegan? soccer; ¿dónde? at school; ¿cuándo? on friday.
Otro orden es: What, Whom or who with(con quién), where, when.
Boys play soccer with girls at school on saturday
/what/ /who with/ /where/ /when/
Claro puedes omitir cualquier parte del complemento según lo requieras.
Gramática = Grammar.
Gramática is the way we organize the words to make
logical sense on what we want to say.
Typically the structure is subject = sujeto + verb = verbo + complement = predicado. Something peculiar about Spanish is that you can change this order and you can be understood. Something that doesn’t happen in English, but first we need to know how it works and then make the changes we want.
The subject is who we are speaking about or who does the action. It is represented by what we know as pronouns. Just like in English with a little difference.
I = Yo
You = Tu (for acquintances and informal situations) Usted (for formal situations)
He = El
She = Ella
It: there is not a translation for this pronoun. (the little difference)
We = Nosotros
You = Ustedes
They = Ell@s
The verb is the action or what the subject does, and it is the great difference between English and Spanish because it shows and must show the number and the gender of the subject when conjugated.
There are three endings for all the verbs in this language: ar, er, and ir on what we call infinitive form unlikely in English the ending is not important just put to to any verb and it is in infinitive form.
Eg. To sing = cantar; to have = tener; To go = ir
The verbs that finish with ar are easier to conjugate because they do not have so many changes. It is necesary to explain verb to be which has two meanings with the same forms in English but with two irregular forms in Spanish. When I say form 1 mean the way we write the words.
When the question is: What are you? And the answer: I am a human being. The meaning of the verb is: Ser
¿Que eres? Soy un ser humano.
Therefore: eres = are you, I am = soy, and being = ser
On the other hand when the question is:
Where are you? I am here.
Then... Dondé estás? Estoy aquí. are you = estás, and I am = estoy
Let’s explain more about it.
Indicates that the subject has an intrinsic quality or condition, most of the time permanent, but also in periods of time.
It is used to express ocupation, profession, or kind of frequent activity of a
Yo soy (un) hombre. = I am a man.
Tú eres mi amigo. = You are my friend.
El es feliz. = He is happy.
Ella es ( una) secretaria. = She is a secretary.
Nosotros somos estudiantes. = we are students.
Ustedes son locales. = You are locals.
Ell@s son deportistas. = They are sporty people.